How to deal with Corona Virus and Corona Virus Symptoms

Recognize Symptoms of Coronavirus Novel Infection

Head of Kodam IX / Udayana Health, Col. Ckm Dr. I Made Mardika SpPD, MARS invites the public to recognize symptoms of Novel Coronavirus infection (2019-nCoV).


"So what must be distinguished are the two criteria, namely the patient under surveillance or known as suspect and the person in monitoring, both of these are different and what symptoms must be understood," said Dr. I Made Mardika in Denpasar, quoted from Antara.

He explained that the patient under surveillance had fulfilled clinical symptoms such as fever above 38 degrees celsius or there was a history of fever, cough, flu, sore throat, mild to severe pneumonia based on clinical symptoms and radiological features, and had a history of travel to China or to countries infected with the virus within 14 days before symptoms develop.

"One of them, there are indicators of clinical or medical criteria, that is pneumonia with x-ray images. If there are those who meet the two criteria, then the patient is included in supervision and supplemented with complete laboratory results then confirmed with the results," he said.

While the criteria for monitoring people are someone who has symptoms of fever or a history of fever without pneumonia and does not have one or more history of exposure from an infected country of China.

"The patient under surveillance is different from the person in monitoring. The person in monitoring does not go to the exposed area but complains of fever and cough, will be treated with ordinary flu treatment. Patients under surveillance, the sample will be taken and sent to Litbangkes by sampling twice in a row - according to make sure, "he said.

In addition, he said, severe pneumonia is not always caused by the corona virus, but it can also be from bacteria. Severe pneumonia usually shows severe shortness of breath that requires oxygen with a ventilator.

"It's not always that severe pneumonia is caused by the corona virus, but it can be caused by bacteria. It's called pneumococcus, is swabbed (taken fluid) in the throat, taken blood and 2-3 days has been the result," said Dr. Made Mardika.


Corona virus cases reached 20,661 worldwide on Tuesday (2/2/2020) at 16:15 WIB. While the victims died reached 427 and 684 people who managed to recover.

Patients who were confirmed positive for corona virus infection or 2019-nCoV reported symptoms of flu, fever, cough, feeling tired and shortness of breath.


CDC said, the symptoms of the corona virus will appear within 2 to 14 days after the patient is exposed to the corona virus. This conclusion is based on the incubation period of the MERS virus.

Head of DKI Jakarta Provincial Health Office's Epidemiology and Immunization Surveillance Section Dr. Ngabila Salama said that the symptoms of the corona virus are similar to cough and cold. The risk is present when the person has a history of travel to China. "What was asked first was not coughs and colds,

but whether in the last 14 days to China, including Taipei," Ngabila said in a Voice Education radio broadcast, quoted from Antara.

Residents are advised to be vigilant and immediately contact health workers if symptoms of fever and colds arise after traveling to China.

Ngabila said the corona virus can attack the lungs and cause pneumonia. If that happens, the patient will be admitted to a referral hospital and checked if he is infected with the virus. "Cases (people) that were monitored in the hospital, isolated, existed, but until now (in Indonesia) there were no positive coronavirus novels," he said

Until now, researchers are still finding out about the exact cause of the corona virus to its cure.

"Viruses, diseases that (overcome) we drink enough, (for example) fever-reducing drugs, other symptom relief, that's enough. But because this is a new virus which is like 'stubborn' the virus does not know to what extent, still must be vigilant," said Ngabila .

Currently people who are monitored in hospitals and health centers related to the risk of being infected with the corona virus are given cough and colds while continuing to monitor their condition. If it worsens and shows signs of pneumonia, the patient will be referred further to the hospital. The World Health Organization (WHO) has announced a world emergency status for the corona virus outbreak at the end of January 2020.

Ngabila said the emergency status was caused by the spread and the number of cases is increasing rapidly.

However, the death rate is low compared to Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS CoV). "The mortality rate is 2-3 percent. SARS in 2002 the death rate is 10 percent, MERS COV is 35 percent." This new virus makes people uneasy because it spreads to many countries in a short time, plus confusing information is spread through social media. "We need to choose a valid information channel for the community. If you are not sure of the validity, please confirm it with the expert team," he added.